Sabana Surinam Toad20/04/2021
Pipa parva (common names: Sabana Surinam Toad and Dwarf Toad), is a species of frog in the family Pipidae. It is found in northwestern Venezuela and northeastern Colombia (Norte de Santander and La Guajira Departments), mainly in the Maracaibo Basin. There is an introduced (and expanding) population in the Lake Valencia Basin in northern Venezuela.
Adult males measure 28 – 37 mm and females 27 – 44 mm in snout-vent length. The head is narrow in the dorsal view, and the snout is pointed; the eyes are large. The body is relatively slender. Skin is tuberculate. The webbing between the fingers and toes is transparent.
They are a light grey or brown colour with some mottling on their backs. Their forelimbs are typically observed outstretched and poised to pull food into their mouths. They also have very small eyes that are sometimes difficult to see at first glance.
Pipa parva males can be territorial and «fight» with each other, which consists of gently bumping into each other and occasional wrestling while making clicking / buzzing noises. This aggression will not prevent multiple frogs from being housed together, as long as enough space is provided.
Its natural habitats are lakes, ponds, and marshes in flat, open areas, such as grassland and flooded habitats. They are able to cross land areas. The female carries the eggs on her back, from where the hatching tadpoles emerge into the water where the development continues.
Pipa parva can be housed in an enclosure as small as a 10-gallon aquarium for 2 – 3 individuals. In larger aquariums, additional frogs can be added at the rate of 2 per 5 gallons. Water quality is important for all aquatic animals, so proper filtration is a must. This can be accomplished in a number of ways: sponge filters, frequent water changes, or filtration systems. Periodic water changes should still happen when paired with other methods but will be needed less frequently.
Live aquatic plants, such as java moss, are great for these frogs. Substrate should be something that can’t get stuck in the mouths or intestinal tracts of these frogs; therefore, it is recommended to use aquarium sand or larger pebbles. Gravel should be avoided. A bare bottom tank is also an option and can help with waste removal. Spider wood and decorative rocks can supply these frogs with appropriate hiding places to feel safe.
Pipa parva can live up to 7 years in captivity but may live longer with ideal care.
The Sabana Surinam Toad is able to consume a variety of foods and, unlike most other frogs, are not limited to live foods. Bloodworms and frog and tadpole bites are staples for this species, but these frogs can also consume red wigglers.